What is TPR?

Total Physical Response is a language learning method based on the coordination of speech and action. It was developed by James Asher, a professor of psychology at San Jose State University, California. It is linked to the trace theory of memory, which holds that the more often or intensively a memory connection is traced, the stronger the memory will be.

This method reflects a grammar-based view of language. The verb (especially, in the imperative form) is considered the central linguistic motif around which language use and learning are organized.


The Three important hypotheses lying behind his method are:

  1. The bio-program
  2. Brain lateralization
  3. Reduction of stress

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